Leather, pigskin, silk, silk thread, woven silk lace, linen thread, hand sewn
In the 17th century all shoes were ‘straights’, not shaped for the left or right foot. Fashionable men and women wore moderately high heels indoors. Rich silks and velvets were decorated with exquisite embroidery or braids and fastened with ribbons. French styles were popular after 1660, like the squared toe. Later, a long, pointed shape with closed sides became fashionable.